Common Skin Conditions
Acne is a very common disorder of the hair follicles that cause blackheads and whiteheads, or pimples in the affected area. This condition is especially common among teenagers and is nearly universal at this age, although adults can also be affected by acne.
Actinic keratosis is a skin growth that occurs in areas of chronic sun exposure. They are precancerous legions, meaning that they have a risk of later turning into a skin cancer. As such, it is considered to be a medical condition and requires immediate treatment.
Cold sores, a well known condition in which the lips or the larger mouth areas blister, are the resulting symptoms of the Herpes Simplex Virus, usually type I, when the virus becomes active. As it is a contagious condition those with cold sores should avoid direct contact to the lips when they show symptoms.
Dry skin is a skin condition in which the surface layer of the skin lacks the requisite moisture. It can be a symptom of a condition like eczema, or caused by environmental factors, or simply genetics propensity for dry skin.
Strictly speaking, eczema is a general term for skin inflammation and dermatitis, but in popular use, eczema is used to describe atopic dermatitis, a largely hereditary condition that causes red, itchy, and dry skin.
Hyperhidrosis is a condition in which certain areas of the body sweat far more than is required for body temperature regulation. Although it is a medically harmless condition, it can cause social embarrassment and be a disadvantage for certain professions.
Melasma, also known as the mask of pregnancy is a pigmentation problem in which a dark discoloration occurs around the face area which contrasts with surrounding skin. It is thought to be caused by a combination of the hormone estrogen and sun exposure.
Psoriasis is known as a skin condition, but it is actually an autoimmune disorder in which the immune system interprets a part of the body as an antigen that it needs to attack. This causes a cascading effect which results in accelerated skin production which piles on each other which cause the plaques to appear.
Rosacea is a relatively common, chronic skin problem that is thought to be slowly progressive. It causes a variety of symptoms such as flushing, blushing, dilated blood vessels, and generalized redness in the central face area.
Scars are a type of fibrous tissue that is formed after the skin has been damaged. It is inferior in function and structure to regular skin, and is the result of a wound repair process that prioritizes speed of healing over maintaining perfect function and structure.
Skin cancer is the most common of all cancers. They are tumors on the skin which spread and invade nearby tissue and continue to grow uncontrollably. On the skin, they are relatively harmless, but some skin cancers can spread to the lymph nodes or distant organs through a process called metastasis.
Wrinkles are the result of elastin and collagen weakening under the surface of the skin, causing the skin to depress and wrinkle. The skin loses firmness and elasticity as a result, and is often seen as one of the hallmarks of natural aging.